Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology
Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation
Büşra Ergin 1, Esra Ergin 2 *
More Detail
1 Selcuk University, Faculty of Education, Department of Preschool Education, Konya, Türkiye
2 KTO Karatay University, School of Health Sciences, Department of Child Development, Konya, Türkiye
* Corresponding Author
Open Access Full Text (PDF)
ARTICLE INFO

Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2023 - Volume 5 Issue 3, pp. 283-291
https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270

Article Type: Research Article

Published Online: 20 Oct 2023

Views: 193 | Downloads: 101

ABSTRACT
The main purpose of this research study is to determine the readability levels of Internet-based informative texts on “family involvement”. Content analysis of the documents was carried out in the study, which is in qualitative design. Initially, a search was made on the Google search engine using the keywords “family involment.” Next, the readability levels of the first 100 web pages accessed were assessed within the scope of the study. It was decided to include 42 web pages in assessment as a result of reviewing the first 100 web pages accessed applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria defined by the researchers. Later, the readability values of the texts were calculated manually through Office programs using both the Ateşman and Çetinkaya-Uzun formulas. The average readability levels of the 42 web pages examined within the scope of this study were found to be “difficult” according to the Ateşman formula. On the other hand, the readability levels were found to be at “frustration level” and appropriate for grade levels 10, 11 and 12 according to the Çetinkaya-Uzun formula. As a result, it was determined that the readability levels of the informative texts on 42 web pages about family involvement were "difficult" and at “frustration level" according to the formulas used in the analysis. The web pages in assessment were observed to belong to private kindergartens, publishing houses, academic journals, and private educational institutions. The titles mainly included in the content of the web pages were related to the definition, significance, impacts, benefits and examples of family involvement. Although studies on family involvement in the literature are mostly associated with the preschool education processes of individuals, it was seen that this concept is also associated with the education processes of individuals with special needs and dependent individuals on the web pages. 
KEYWORDS
SUPPLEMENTARY FILES
In-text citation: (Ergin & Ergin, 2023)
Reference: Ergin, B., & Ergin, E. (2023). Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 5(3), 283-291. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ergin B, Ergin E. Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2023;5(3), 283-291. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ergin B, Ergin E. Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2023;5(3):283-91. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
In-text citation: (Ergin and Ergin, 2023)
Reference: Ergin, Büşra, and Esra Ergin. "Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology 2023 5 no. 3 (2023): 283-291. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
In-text citation: (Ergin and Ergin, 2023)
Reference: Ergin, B., and Ergin, E. (2023). Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 5(3), pp. 283-291. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
In-text citation: (Ergin and Ergin, 2023)
Reference: Ergin, Büşra et al. "Evaluation of the levels of readability of information texts on the internet regarding family participation". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, vol. 5, no. 3, 2023, pp. 283-291. https://doi.org/10.33902/jpsp.202323270
REFERENCES
  • Akbulut, A. S. (2022). Readability analysis of information on the internet about clear aligner treatment. Necmettin Erbakan University Dental Journal, 4(1), 7-11. https://doi.org/10.51122/neudentj.2022.2
  • Aksoy, N., Kozanhan, B., Eryilmaz, M. A., & Tutar, M. S. (2019). Assessment of the readability of patient education materials regarding breast cancer on websites. Family Practice and Palliative Care, 4(1), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.480193
  • Ateşman, E. (1997). Türkçe’de okunabilirliğin ölçülmesi [Measuring readability in Turkish]. Language Journal, 58, 71-74.
  • Bostancı, S., & Çakır, R. (2022). Investigation of the mediations and digital parenting awareness of parents who have early childhood children in making their children use media. Turkish Journal of Primary Education, 7(2), 86-116. https://doi.org/10.52797/tujped.1192163
  • Çetinkaya, G. (2010). Identifying and classifying the readability levels of the Turkish texts (Publication no. 265580). [Doctoral dissertation, Ankara University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center.
  • Çoban, A. (2014). The Review towards the consept of redeability. Journal of Language and Literature Education, 2(9), 96-111.
  • de Araújo Sedda, B. R., Chaves, M. M. A., Bonella, J., & Sedda, P. S. D. S. (2021). The importance of the family X School relationship in school performance. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS) Peer-Reviewed Journal, 8(6), 504-510. https://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijaers.86.58
  • Dedkova, L., Smahel, D., & Just, M. (2022). Digital security in families: The sources of information relate to the active mediation of internet safety and parental internet skills. Behaviour & Information Technology, 41(5), 1052-1064. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2020.1851769
  • Ergüden, N., Doğan, A., & Hastaoğlu, Z. Ş. (2020). The effects of family involvement on preschoolers’ self-esteem and social emotional adaptation. Nesne Journal of Psychology, 8(17), 297-309. https://doi.org/10.7816/nesne-08-17-10
  • Eryılmaz, N., & Külahçı, O. (2019). Readability levels of skin cancer patient information texts. Dermatoz, 10(1), 1-8.
  • Formosinho, J., & Passos, F. (2019). The development of a rights-based approach to participation: From peripheral involvement to central participation of children, parents and professionals. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 27(3), 305-317. https://doi.org/10.1080/1350293X.2019.1600801
  • Glatz, T., Alsarve, J., Daneback, K., & Sorbring, E. (2023). An examination of parents’ online activities and links to demographic characteristics among parents in Sweden. Journal of Family Social Work, 26(1), 45-66. https://doi.org/10.1080/10522158.2023.2197958
  • Gül-Ünlü, D. (2019). Can the content provided to digital parents on websites be independent of gender roles?: 'Bebek.com' Website example. Fe Journal, 11(2), 24-37. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/902581
  • Habibi, E., Sajedi, F., Afzali, H. M., Hatamizadeh, N., Shahshahanipour, S., & Glascoe, F. P. (2017). Early childhood development and Iranian Parents' knowledge: A qualitative study. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 8, 84. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_159_17
  • Haines, S. J., Reyes, C. C., Ghising, H., Alamatouri, A., Hurwitz, R., & Haji, M. (2022). Family-professional partnerships between resettled refugee families and their children’s teachers: Exploring multiple perspectives. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 66(1), 52-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/1045988X.2021.1934375
  • Hamamcı, Z. (2005). Üç-altı yaşlarında çocukları olan anne babaların aile eğitim ihtiyaçlarının belirlenmesi [Determining the family education needs of parents with children aged three to six years old]. Journal Contemporary Education, 30(319), 28-36.
  • İnan-Kaya, G., Mutlu-Bayraktar, D., & Yılmaz, Ö. (2018). Digital parenting: Perceptions on digital risks. Kalem International Journal of Education and Human Sciences, 8(1), 131-157. https://doi.org/10.23863/kalem.2018.96
  • Karaboğa, M. T. (2019). Parent education in digital media literacy. [International Journal of Society Researches], 14(20), 2040-2073. https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.601942
  • Kaya, İ., & Mutlu-Bayraktar, D. (2021). Digital parenting research in Turkey: A content analysis study. Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 22(2), 1046-1082. https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.928805
  • Kemiksiz, Ö. (2021). Readability levels of texts in Turkish language and literature textbooks. Ahi Evran University Institute of Social Sciences Journal, 7(3), 973-992. https://doi.org/10.31592/aeusbed.907768
  • Kopuz, T., Turgut, Y. E., & Aktı Aslan, S. (2022). An investigation on the relationship between digital parenting attitude and children’s safe internet use. Adıyaman University Journal of Social Sciences, 42, 123-153. https://doi.org/10.14520/adyusbd.1111996
  • Kozanhan, B., & Tutar, M. S. (2017). Readability of patient education texts presented on the internet in the field of anesthesiology. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Anesthesiology Reanimation, 15(2), 63-70. https://doi.org/10.5336/anesthe.2017-55537
  • Leira, Y., Castelo-Baz, P., Pérez-Sayáns, M., Blanco, J., & Lorenzo-Pouso, A. I. (2019). Available patientcentered internet information on peri-implantitis. Can our patients understand it? Clinical Oral Investigations, 23, 1569-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-018-2583-y
  • Manap, A., & Durmuş, E. (2020). Development of digital parental awareness scale. Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 21(2), 978-993. https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.711101
  • Manap, A., & Durmuş, E. (2021). Investigation of digital parenting awareness according to various variable, family roles and internet addiction in children. E-International Journal of Educational Research (E-IJER), 12(1), 141-156. https://doi.org/10.19160/ijer.837749
  • Morrison, G.S. (2003). Fundamentals of early childhood education. Merrill Prentice Hall.
  • Na, J. C., & Chia, S. W. (2008). Impact of online resources on informal learners: Parents’ perception of their parenting skills. Computers & Education, 51(1), 173-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2007.05.006
  • Özçetin, K., & Karakuş, N. (2020). Readability of the 8th grade Turkish textbooks. Turkiye Education Journal, 5(1), 175-190.
  • Özduran, E., Erkin, Y., Hancı, V., Taştan, A., Tosun, D. D., Sayan, E. N., Uluçay, E. U., Kalaycı, M. F., Kılıç, O. M., Lale, Ş., & Serengül, U. (2022). Evaluation of the readability of Turkish internet-based patient education materials related to “low back pain”. Journal of Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty, 36(2), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.18614/deutip.1174522
  • Patel, U., & Cobourne, M. T. (2011). Orthodontic extractions and the Internet: Quality of online information available to the public. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 139(2), 103–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2010.07.019
  • Pekyürek, M. F. (2022). Designing e-contents to boost parents' digital parenting self-efficacy (Publication no. 705761). [Master’s thesis, Bartın University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center.
  • Pereira, A. P. S., Jurdi, A., Reis, H. I. S., & Sousa, A. (2022). Routine‐based interview in early intervention: professionals' perspectives. Support for Learning, 37(3), 435-449. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9604.12419
  • Rode, J. A. (2009). Digital parenting: designing children’s safety. British Computer Society, 23, 244-251. https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/HCI2009.29
  • Sands, M. M., McGuire, S. N., Meadan, H., DiPietro-Wells, R., & Hacker, R. E. (2023). Military families with young children with disabilities: Families’ and providers’ perceptions. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 64, 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2023.01.013
  • Sarışık, S., & Sarışık, S. (2021). Examining the factors affecting family participation in preschool education: The teachers’ views. The Universal Academic Research Journal, 3(2), 58-69.
  • Tomczyk, Ł., & Potyrała, K. (2021). Parents’ knowledge and skills about the risks of the digital world. South African Journal of Education, 41(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v41n1a1833
  • Tönbül, Ö. (2019). Investigation of the effect of family education program on mothers' raising attitudes]. The Journal of School Counseling, 2(1), 46-72.
  • Turkish Statistical Institute. (2022). Ulusal eğitim istatistikleri, 2022 [National education statistics, 2022]. Retrieved June 21, 2023 from https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Ulusal-Egitim-Istatistikleri-2022-49756#:~:text=Ortalama%20e%C4%9Fitim%20s%C3%BCresi%202022%20y%C4%B1l%C4%B1nda,10%2C0%20y%C4%B1l%20olarak%20ger%C3%A7ekle%C5%9Fti.
  • Valcke, M., Bonte, S., De Wever, B., & Rots, I. (2010). Internet parenting styles and the impact on Internet use of primary school children. Computers & Education, 55(2), 454-464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.009
  • Valcke, M., Schellens, T., Van Keer, H., & Gerarts, M. (2007). Primary school children’s safe and unsafe use of the Internet at home and at school: An exploratory study. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(6), 2838-2850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2006.05.008
  • Yaman, F., Dönmez, O., Akbulut, Y., Kabakçı Yurdakul, I., Coklar, A. N., & Guyer, T. (2019). Exploration of parents’ digital parenting efficacy through several demographic variables. Education and Science, 44(199), 149–172. https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2019.7897
  • Yay, M. (2019). Dijital ebeveynlik [Digital parenting]. Yeşilay Pub.
  • Yuen, L. H. (2017). Personal growth and development of parent leaders through a group parent education program. Teacher Development, 21(4), 547-560. https://doi.org/10.1080/13664530.2017.1299790
  • Yurdakul, K. I., Dönmez, O., Yaman, F., & Odabaşı, H. F. (2013). Digital parenting and changing roles. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 12(4), 883-896.
LICENSE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.