Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology
Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan
Abaid Ullah 1, Mahmoona Ashraf 2 * , Shanza Ashraf 1, Sajjad Ahmed 1
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1 University of Punjab, Pakistan
2 University of Punjab, Pakistan & Institute of Education and Research, Pakistan
* Corresponding Author
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ARTICLE INFO

Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2021 - Volume 3 Issue 1, pp. 36-44
https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264

Article Type: Research Article

Published Online: 15 Feb 2021

Views: 74 | Downloads: 130

ABSTRACT
This paper aims to identify the challenges faced by Pakistani students during online learning environment, to determine whether a difference exist between males and females students regarding challenges faced during online learning, and to evaluate the effectiveness of online learning in Pakistan from students' perspectives. The population of the present study was consisted of students who were taking online classes in Lahore Pakistan. The study design was cross sectional and analytic study. A sample of 550 students was drawn. The technique of simple random sampling was used for this purpose. Google form questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. Frequency table were used to represent the findings. One Sample t-test applied regarding problem faced by students in online learning, Independent Sample t-test regarding difference between male and female students responses about challenges faced during online education and One way ANOVA for significant difference between qualification level of students responses about challenges faced during online education. Results revealed that all the students were facing same issues either they were school level or university level. Male and female students were facing same challenges in online classes. Online learning cannot produce good results in developing countries like Pakistan, where a huge majority of students are not able to access the good internet facility due to technical as well as financial issues. This study addressed the effectiveness of online and challenges faced by students who are taking online classes. As per this study, 88% of students had not proper internet facility and they faced lots of internet issues  and 65% students were not satisfied with online learning 85% students complaining about eye sight issue by taking online classes on devices 50% students were unable to manage the university affairs. As a result, we found that all the students were facing same issues either they were school level or university level. We also obtained that male and female students were facing same challenges in online classes.
KEYWORDS
In-text citation: (Ullah et al., 2021)
Reference: Ullah, A., Ashraf, M., Ashraf, S., & Ahmed, S. (2021). Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 3(1), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ullah A, Ashraf M, Ashraf S, Ahmed S. Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2021;3(1), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ullah A, Ashraf M, Ashraf S, Ahmed S. Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2021;3(1):36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
In-text citation: (Ullah et al., 2021)
Reference: Ullah, Abaid, Mahmoona Ashraf, Shanza Ashraf, and Sajjad Ahmed. "Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology 2021 3 no. 1 (2021): 36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
In-text citation: (Ullah et al., 2021)
Reference: Ullah, A., Ashraf, M., Ashraf, S., and Ahmed, S. (2021). Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 3(1), pp. 36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
In-text citation: (Ullah et al., 2021)
Reference: Ullah, Abaid et al. "Challenges of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic encountered by students in Pakistan". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, vol. 3, no. 1, 2021, pp. 36-44. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021167264
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.