Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology
Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline
Joshua Macapagal 1 * , Christopher Paulo Manlapaz 2
More Detail
1 University of Santo Tomas Graduate School, Philippines
2 University of Santo Tomas Senior High School, Philippines
* Corresponding Author
Open Access Full Text (PDF)
ARTICLE INFO

Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2020 - Volume 2 Issue 2, pp. 52-58
https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526

Article Type: Research Article

Published Online: 26 Jul 2020

Views: 67 | Downloads: 31

ABSTRACT
The 2020 pandemic outbreak made health organizations and governments around the world to implement health measures that significantly affected education. The impact of COVID-19 on education shows that educational institutions are not ready for a pandemic circumstance. Educational institutions were closed to prevent the rapid transmission of infection. The members of the community relied on lectures regarding infection control given by health educational institutions through distance learning. The affected communities heavily relied on expert’s advice regarding infection control. Implementing a basic course regarding infection control at the secondary level may give us a different situation. This article proposes a theoretical course outline regarding infection control as a discipline. Preparedness in a pandemic outbreak can be reflected from the presented contents, activities, and learning outcomes of the proposed theoretical course outline. This article analyzes the rationale on why infection control should be a subject in the secondary level of education. A qualitative descriptive research design has been utilized in reviewing related articles for this conceptual study. The article also aims to show a theoretical course outline that may be used to guide the educational institution in implementing infection control as a discipline.
KEYWORDS
In-text citation: (Macapagal & Manlapaz, 2020)
Reference: Macapagal, J., & Manlapaz, C. P. (2020). Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2(2), 52-58. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Macapagal J, Manlapaz CP. Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2020;2(2), 52-58. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Macapagal J, Manlapaz CP. Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2020;2(2):52-8. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
In-text citation: (Macapagal and Manlapaz, 2020)
Reference: Macapagal, Joshua, and Christopher Paulo Manlapaz. "Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology 2020 2 no. 2 (2020): 52-58. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
In-text citation: (Macapagal and Manlapaz, 2020)
Reference: Macapagal, J., and Manlapaz, C. P. (2020). Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2(2), pp. 52-58. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
In-text citation: (Macapagal and Manlapaz, 2020)
Reference: Macapagal, Joshua et al. "Infection control as a subject in the secondary level of education: A theoretical outcomes-based course outline". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, vol. 2, no. 2, 2020, pp. 52-58. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2020262526
REFERENCES
  • Anderson, R.M., Heesterbeek, H., Klinkenberg, D., & Hollingsworth, T. (2020). COVID-19: what is next for public health?. The Lancet, 395(10224), 542-545. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30567-5
  • Basilaia, G., Kvavadze, D. (2020). Transition to Online Education in Schools during a SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.29333/pr/7937
  • Begoray, D.L., Wharf-Higgins, J., & Macdonald, M. (2009). High school health curriculum and health literacy: Canadian student voices. Global Health Promotion, 16(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975909348101
  • Brown, S.L., Teufel, J.A., & Birch, D.A. Early adolescents perceptions of health and health literacy. Journal of School Health, 77(1), 7-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00156.x
  • Burke, J.P. (2003). Infection control - a problem for patient safety. The New England Journal of Medicine, 348(7), 651-6. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMhpr020557
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020A). COVID-19 Travel Recommendations by Country. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/map-and-travel-notices.html#travel-1
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020B). Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients with Suspected or Confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Healthcare Settings. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/infection-control/control- recommendations.html
  • Daniel, J. (2020). Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-020-09464-3
  • Dewalt, D.A., Berkman, N.D., Sheridan, S., Lohr, K.N., & Pignone, M.P. (2004). Literacy and health outcomes: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 19(12), 1228-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1497.2004.40153.x
  • Gersovitz, M., & Hammer, J.S. (2004). The Economical Control of Infectious Diseases. The Economic Journal, 114(492), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0013-0133.2003.0174.x
  • Gorbalenya, A.E., Baker, S.C., Baric, R.S, de Groot R.J., Drosten, C., Gulyaeva, A.A., Haagmans, B.L., Lauber, C., Leontovich, A.M., Neuman, B.W., Penzar, D., Perlman, S., Poon, L., Samborskiy, D.V., Sidorov, I.A., Sola, I., & Ziebuhr, J. (2020). The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nature Microbiology, 5(4), 536-544. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-020-0695-z
  • Guri-Rosenblit, S. (2013). Challenges facing distance education in the 21st century: Policyand research ımplications. In U. Bernath, A. Szucz, A. Tait, & M. Vidal (Eds.) Distance and ELearning in Transition. (pp. 1-22). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118557686.ch1
  • Heymann, D.L., & Shindo, N. (2020). COVID-19: what is next for public health?. The Lancet, 395(10224), 542-545. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30374-3
  • Kucharski, A.J., Russell, T.W., Diamond, C., Liu, Y., Edmunds, J., & Funk, S. (2020). Early dynamics of transmission and control of COVID-19: a mathematical modelling study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30144-4
  • Lee, J.M. (2008) Articulation of Undergraduate and Graduate Education in Public Health. Public Health Reports, 123, 12-17. https://doi.org/10.1177/00333549081230S203
  • Mann, C.M., & Wood, A. (2006). How much do medical students know about infection control?. Journal of Hospital Infection, 64(4), 366-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2006.06.030
  • Manning, M.L., & Bucher, K.T. (2000). Issues in Education: Middle Schools Should Be Both Learner-Centered and Subject-Centered. Journal of Childhood Education, 77(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/00094056.2000.10522138
  • Miller, J.T., Rahimi, S.Y., & Lee, M. (2005). History of infection control and its contributions to the development and success of brain tumor operations. Neurosurgical Focus, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.5
  • Ojulong, J., Mitonga, K.H., & Iipinge, S.N. (2013). Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among health sciences students at University of Namibia. African Health Sciences, 13(4). https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i4.30
  • Sintema, E.J. (2020). Effect of COVID-19 on the Performance of Grade 12 Students: Implications for STEM Education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(7). https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/7893
  • Smith, P.W., & Rusnak, P.G. (1997). Infection prevention and control in the long-term-care facility. SHEA Long-Term-Care Committee and APIC Guidelines Committee. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 18(12), 831-49
  • Soule, B., Memish, Z. (2001). Infection control practice: global preparedness for future challenges. Journal of Chemotherapy, 1, 45-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/1120009x.2001.11782328
  • Spinelli, A., & Pellino, G. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives on an unfolding crisis. British Journal of Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11627
  • Sydnor, E.R., & Perl, T.M. (2011). Hospital epidemiology and infection control in acute-care settings. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 24(1), 141-73. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00027-10
  • Talaat, M., Kandeel, A., Rasslan, O., Hajjeh, R., Hallaj, Z., El-Sayed, N., & Mahoney, F.J. (2006). Evolution of infection control in Egypt: achievements and challenges. American Journal of Infection Control, 34(4), 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2005.05.028
  • Usak, M., Masalimova, A.R., Cherdymova, E.I., & Shaidullina, A.R. (2020). New Playmaker in Science Education: COVID-19. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 19(2), 180-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.33225/jbse/20.19.180
  • World Health Organization. (2020A). WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 March 2020. https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
  • World Health Organization. (2020B). Updated WHO recommendations for international traffic in relation to COVID-19 outbreak. https://www.who.int/news-room/articles-detail/updated-who-recommendations-for-international-traffic-in-relation-to-covid-19-outbreak
  • World Health Organization. (2020C). Infection prevention and control during health care when novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection is suspected. https://www.who.int/publications-detail/infection-prevention-and-control-during-health-care-when-novel-coronavirus-(ncov)-infection-is-suspected-20200125
  • World Health Organization. (2020D). Infection prevention and control of epidemic-and pandemic-prone acute respiratory diseases in health care https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/112656/9789241507134_eng.pdf?sequence=1
  • World Health Organization. (2020E). Infection prevention and control. https://www.who.int/infection-prevention/about/ipc/en/
  • Zhou, L., Wu, S., Zhou, M., Li, & Fangmei. (2020). 'School’s Out, But Class’ On', The Largest Online Education in the World Today: Taking China’s Practical Exploration During The COVID-19 Epidemic Prevention and Control As an Example. Best Evidence of Chinese Education, 4(2), 501-519. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3555520
LICENSE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.