Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology
Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic
Ondřej Filipec 1 *
More Detail
1 Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic
* Corresponding Author
Open Access Full Text (PDF)
ARTICLE INFO

Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 2021 - Volume 3 Issue 2, pp. 103-115
https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943

Article Type: Research Article

Published Online: 31 Dec 2021

Views: 352 | Downloads: 261

ABSTRACT
This article is about plagiarism from the perspective of university students. It presents data collected among 309 students at the Faculty of Law, Palacký University in Olomouc, to reveal attitudes of future lawyers towards the issue of plagiarism. The research follows previous research made at Mendel University in Brno. Next to the revealing attitudes of students towards plagiarism, the article compares results achieved at both institutions and tries to reveal the most critical factors leading to plagiarism. Moreover, data obtained at Palacký University are put into the broader theoretical context of research on plagiarism.
KEYWORDS
In-text citation: (Filipec, 2021)
Reference: Filipec, O. (2021). Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 3(2), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Filipec O. Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2021;3(2), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Filipec O. Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology. 2021;3(2):103-15. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
In-text citation: (Filipec, 2021)
Reference: Filipec, Ondřej. "Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology 2021 3 no. 2 (2021): 103-115. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
In-text citation: (Filipec, 2021)
Reference: Filipec, O. (2021). Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic. Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, 3(2), pp. 103-115. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
In-text citation: (Filipec, 2021)
Reference: Filipec, Ondřej "Ethics and plagiarism in students' opinions: A case study from the Czech Republic". Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology, vol. 3, no. 2, 2021, pp. 103-115. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPSP.2021274943
REFERENCES
  • Alimorad, Z. (2020). Examining the effect of gender and educational level on iranian efl graduate student's perceived reasons for committing plagiarism. GiST Education and Learning Research Journal, 20, 109-133. https://doi.org/10.26817/16925777.769
  • Amiri, F., & Razmjoo, S. A. (2016). On Iranian EFL undergraduate students' perceptions of plagiarism. Journal of Academic Ethics, 14(2), 115-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-015-9245-3
  • Batane, T. (2010). Turning to Turnitin to fight plagiarism among university students educational. Technology & Society, 13(2), 1-12.
  • Bennett, R. (2005). Factors associated with student plagiarism in a post-1992 university. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30(2), 137-162. https://doi.org/10.1080/0260293042000264244
  • Blum, S. D. (2009). My word! Plagiarism and college culture. Cornell University Press.
  • Bretag, T. (2016). Handbook of academic integrity. Springer Singapore.
  • Brown, B. S., & Choong, P. (2005). An investigation of academic dishonesty among business students at public and private United States Universities. International Journal of Management, 22(2), 201-214.
  • Cameron, S. (2020). An economic approach to the plagiarism of music. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK_PD.2020.36.5.11
  • Chen, Y. & Chou, C. (2017). 'Are We on the same page? College Student's and Faculty's Perception of Student Plagiarism in Taiwan', Ethics & Behavior, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2015.1123630
  • Chomeya, R. (2010). Quality of psychology test between likert scale 5 and 6 points. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 399-403. https://doi.org/10.3844/jssp.2010.399.403
  • Clarke, R. (2006). 'Plagiarism by Academics: More Complex Than It Seems,' Journal of the Association for Information Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 91-121. https://doi.org/10.17705/1jais.00081
  • Comas-Forgas, R., & Sureda-Negre, J. (2010). Academic plagiarism: explanatory factors from students' perspective. Journal of Academic Ethics, 8(3), 217-232. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-010-9121-0
  • Crown, D. F. & Spiller, M. S. (1998). Learning from the literature on collegiate cheating: A review of empirical research. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(6), 683-700.
  • Czech Radio. (2009). The School for Scandal: serious malpractice uncovered at Plzeň Law Faculty. Radio Prague International. https://english.radio.cz/school-scandal-serious-malpractice-uncovered-plzen-law-faculty-8580340
  • Davis, S. F., Grover, C. A., Becker, A. H., & McGregor, L. N. (1992). Academic dishonesty: Prevalence, determinants, techniques, and punishments. Teaching of Psychology, 19, 16-20. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03334151
  • Eret, E. & Gokmenoglu, T. (2010). Plagiarism in higher education: A case study with prospective academicians. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 3303-3307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.505
  • Ernest, P. (2019). The ethical obligations of the mathematics teacher. Journal of Pedagogical Research, 3(1), 80-91. https://doi.org/10.33902/JPR.2019.6
  • Foltýnek, T., Kravjar J. & Clendinning I. (2014). Case study: Policies, strategies and responses to plagiarism in Slovakia. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 7(1), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.7160/eriesj.2014.070104
  • Geraldi, J. (2021). 'Plagiarism in Project Studies', Project Management Journal, 52(1), 3-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/8756972820982443
  • Gerdeman, R. D. (2000). Academic dishonesty and the community college. ERIC Digest, ED447840.
  • Gokmenoglu, T. (2017). A review of literature: Plagiarism in the papers of Turkish context. Higher Education Studies, 7(3), 161-170.
  • Harvard University. (2020). Academic integrity. https://extension.harvard.edu/for-students/student-policies-conduct/academic-integrity/
  • Hurych, E. (2012). Plagiát – selhání jednotlivce či přirozený produkt systému? [Plagiarism – An Individual Failure or a Natural Product of the System?]. E-Logos Electronic Journal For Philosphy, 9, 2-14. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.e-logos.323
  • Husain, M. F., Al-Shaibani S. K. G. & Mahfoodh, A. H. O. (2017). Perceptions of and attitudes towards plagiarism and factors contributing to plagiarism: A review of studies. Journal of Academic Ethics, 15(2), 167-195.
  • Ismail, K. H. (2018). Perceptions of plagiarism among medical and nursing students in Erbil, Iraq. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 18(2), 196-201. https://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.02.012
  • Jereb, E., Perc, M., Lämmlein, B., Jerebic, J., Urh, M., Podbregar, I. & Šprajc, P. (2018). Factors influencing plagiarism in higher education: A comparison of German and Slovene students. PLoS One, 13(8), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202252
  • Jereb, E., Uhr, M., Jerebic, J. & Šprajc, P. (2018). Gender differences and the awareness of plagiarism in higher education. Social Psychology of Education, 21, 409-426. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-017-9421-y
  • Joshi, A., Kale, S., Chandel, S. & Pal, D. K. (2015). Likert scale: Explored and explained. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 7(4), 396-403. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJAST/2015/14975
  • Juyal, D., Thawani, V. & Thaledi, S. (2015). Plagiarism: An egregious form of misconduct. North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 7(2), 77-80.
  • Kayaoğlu, N. M., Erbay, Ş., Flitner, C. & Saltaş, D. (2015). Examining student's perceptions of plagiarism: A cross-cultural study at tertiary level. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 40(5), 682-805. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2015.1014320
  • Khairnar, R. M., Wadgave, U., Shah, J. S., Shah, S., Jain, V. M. & Kumbhar, S. (2019). Survey on the attitude of dental professions about plagiarism in Maharashtra, India. Perspectives in Clinical Research, 10(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.4103/picr.PICR_141_17
  • Kuprata, N. & Menso, I. (2020). Academic plagiarism and self plagiarism as elements of violation of academic integrity. Human Studies. Series of Pedagogy, 11(43), 75-90. https://doi.org/10.24919/2413-2039.11/43.220455
  • Kurambayev, B. (2020). The Causes and Consequences of Plagiarism by Journalist in Central Asia. Asian Studies Review, 44(4), 691-708. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357823.2020.1747982
  • Lee, J. W., Jones, P. S., Mineama Y. & Zhang, E. X. (2002). Cultural differences in responses to a likert scale. Research in Nursing & Health, 25(4), 295-306. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.10041
  • Lynch, J., Everett, B., Ramjan, M. L., Callins, R. & Glew, P. (2016). Plagiarism in nursing education: an integrative review. PubMed, 26(19, 20), 2845-2864. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13629
  • Masic, I. (2012). Plagiarism in scientific publishing. Acta Informatica Medica, 20(4), 208-213. https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2012.20.208-213
  • Mawdsley, R. D. & Cumming J. (2009). Plagiarism litigation trends in the USA and Australia. Education and Law, 20(3), 209-234. https://doi.org/10.1080/09539960902992128
  • McCabe, D. L. (2005). Cheating among college and university students: A North American perspective. The International Journal for Educational Integrity, 1(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.21913/IJEI.v1i1.14
  • McCabe, D. L. & Trevino, L. K. (1993). Honor codes and other contextual influences. Journal of Higher Education, 64, 522-538. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014893102151
  • McCabe, D. L. & Trevino, L. K. (1997). Individual and contextual influences on academic honesty: A multi-campus investigation. Research in Higher Education, 38, 379-396. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024954224675
  • Meuschke, N. & Gipp, B. (2013). State-of-the-art in detecting academic plagiarism. International Journal for Education Integrity, 9(1), 50-71.
  • Meuschke, N., Stange, V., Shcubotz, M. & Gipp, B. (2018). HyPlag: A hybrid approach to academic plagiarism detection [Paper presentation]. SIGIR '18: The 41st International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research & Development in Information Retrieval, June 2018, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. https://doi.org/10.1145/3209978.3210177
  • Mudra, J. & Dlabolová, D. (2019). Testing of plagiarism detection tools for Czech environment. In Gaižauskaite, I., Bieliauskaite, J. and Valavičiene, N. (Eds.), 5th International Conference: Plagiarism Across Europe and Beyond (pp. 24-26). Mykolas Romeris University.
  • Newstead, S. E., Franklyn-Stokes, A. & Armestead, P. (1996). Individual differences in student cheating. Journal of Educational Psychology, 8(2), 229-241.
  • Oxford University. (2020a). Plagiarism strategy. https://academic.admin.ox.ac.uk/plagiarism-strategy
  • Oxford University. (2020b). Plagiarism. https://www.ox.ac.uk/students/academic/guidance/skills/plagiarism
  • Palacký University in Olomouc. (2018). Internal Standard of the Dean of the Faculty of the law of Palacký University in Olomouc on the Formal Requirements for Qualification Theses at the Faculty of Law of Palacký University in Olomouc. PF-B-18/10 of April 27, 2018. https://www.pf.upol.cz/fileadmin/userdata/PF/Studijni_zalezitosti/Rights_and_obligations/PF_B_18_10_-_Dean_s_Directive_requirements_on_qualification_theses.pdf
  • Pešek, J. (2014). Podvod jako vážný problem světové vědy i aktuální české historiografie [Cheating as a serious problem within the World and actual Czech historiography]. Český časopis historický, 112(3), 497-511.
  • Plagiarism.org. (2017). What is Plagiarism? https://www.plagiarism.org/article/what-is-plagiarism
  • Quah, C. H., Stewart, N., & Lee, J. W. C. (2012). Attitudes of business students' toward plagiarism. Journal of Academic Ethics, 10(3), 185–199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-012-9157-4
  • Robinson-Zañartu, C., Peña, E. D., Cook-Morales, V., Peña, A.M., Afshani, R., & Nguyen, L. (2005). Academic crime and punishment: faculty members' perceptions of and responses to plagiarism. School Psychology Quarterly, 20(3), 318-337. https://doi.org/10.1521/scpq.2005.20.3.318
  • Roig, M., & Caso, M. (2005). 'Lying and cheating: Fraudulent excuse making, cheating, and plagiarism', The Journal of Psychology, Vol. 139, No. 6, pp. 485-494.
  • Smolík, J., Herbočková, L. & Nesiba, J. (2019). 'Ethics and Plagiarism. Opinion of First-Year Students at University in the Czech Republic', Lifelong Learning – celoživotní vzdělávání, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 39-54. https://doi.org/10.11118/lifele20190902039
  • Smyth, M. L., & Davis, J. R. (2004). Perceptions of dishonesty among two-year college students: Academic versus business situations. Journal of Business Ethics, 51(1), 63-74.
  • Starovoytova, D. (2017). Plagiarism under a magnifying-glass. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(15), 109-129.
  • Şahin, M., Duman, D. & Güres, S. (2015). Big business of plagiarism under the guise of (re)translation: The case of Turkey. Babel, 61(2), 193-218. https://doi.org/10.1075/babel.61.2.03sah
  • Ural, N. M. & Sulak, S. A. (2012). Plagiarism via the internet on undergraduate students in Turkey. Journal of Educational and Instructional Studies in the World, 2(3), 229-234.
  • Vasconcelos, S., Jacqueline, L., Costa, L., Pinto, A. & Sorenson, M. (2009). Discussing plagiarism in Latin American Science: Brazilian researchers begin to address an ethical issue. EMBO Reports, 10, 677-682. https://doi.org/10.1038/embor.2009.134
  • Walker, J. (1998) 'Student Plagiarism in Universities: What are we Doing about it?', Higher Education Research & Development, 17(1), 89-106. https://doi.org/10.1080/0729436980170105
  • Walker, J. (2009). Measuring plagiarism: researching what students do, not what they say they do. Studies in Higher Education, 35(1), 41-59.
  • Whitley, B. E. Jr., Nelson, A. B. & Jones, C. J. (1999). Gender differences in cheating attitudes and classroom cheating behavior: A meta-analysis. Sex Roles, 41(9/10), 657-680.
  • Youngsun, K. & Jaepil, C. (2020). The applicability of aesthetics of appropriation of the discussion on architectural plagiarism. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 36(5), 11-22. https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK_PD.2020.36.5.11
LICENSE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.